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What is the impact of the COVID-19 vaccine on fertility and pregnancy?

Many women wonder – “Is the COVID-19 vaccine safe for me or my baby?”  “Will the COVID-19 vaccine make it harder for me to get pregnant?” There isn’t a lot of data yet, but more and more the answer to the first question points to “yes” and the answer to the second points to “no”. 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other experts recommend that women who are pregnant or are trying to get pregnant get the COVID-19 vaccine. The COVID-19 vaccine helps protect both mom and baby from a COVID-19 infection.1,2,3  Scientists are studying how the vaccine works in pregnant women and in women who are breastfeeding. Early data don’t show any safety concerns for the women or their babies.3 And there is no report that the vaccine can make it harder to get pregnant.2,3 

In fact, the CDC encourages all pregnant people or people who are thinking about becoming pregnant and those breastfeeding to get vaccinated to protect themselves from COVID-19. Per the CDC, “the vaccines are safe and effective, and it has never been more urgent to increase vaccinations as we face the highly transmissible Delta variant and see severe outcomes from COVID-19 among unvaccinated pregnant people.”4
Studies show that pregnant woman or women who recently had a baby who get COVID-19 may get sicker than women who aren’t pregnant.5 They are more likely to have to go the hospital, be in the intensive care unit (ICU), and need ventilator. Pregnant women with COVID-19 also have a higher chance for having a pre-term birth.6

Getting the vaccine is a personal choice. It is important to understand the risks and benefits. The best decision for you can be made when you have true information. Talk to your healthcare provider about any concerns you have.

References

  1. ASRM, ACOG and SMFM Issue Joint Statement: Medical Experts Continue to Assert that COVID Vaccines Do Not Impact Fertility. www.asrm.org/news-and-publications/news-and-research/press-releases-and-bulletins/asrm-smfm-acog-issue-joint-statement-medical-experts-continue-to-assert-that-covid-vaccines-do-not-impact-fertility/. Accessed 7/15/2021.
  2. American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Patient management and clinical recommendations during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. https://www.asrm.org/news-and-publications/covid-19/statements/patient-management-and-clinical-recommendations-during-the-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic/. Updated May 20, 2021. Accessed July 21, 2021.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. COVID-19 vaccines while pregnant or breastfeeding. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/recommendations/pregnancy.html. Updated June 29, 2021. Accessed July 20, 2021.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. New CDC data: COVID-19 vaccination safe for pregnant people. https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2021/s0811-vaccine-safe-pregnant.html. Released August 11, 2021. Accessed September 22, 2021.
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. People with certain medical conditions. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-with-medical-conditions.html. Updated May 13, 2021. Accessed July 20, 2021.
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. COVID-19 vaccines while pregnant or breastfeeding. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/special-populations/pregnancy-data-on-COVID-19/what-cdc-is-doing.html. Updated June 29, 2021. Accessed July 20, 2021.

Legal/Disclaimers/Footnotes

This information is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment. Talk to your doctor or health care provider about your medical condition and prior to starting any new treatment. CVS Specialty assumes no liability whatsoever for the information provided or for any diagnosis or treatment made as a result. 

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